1. Introduction
2. Installing MacPorts
2.1. Install Xcode
2.2. Install MacPorts
2.3. Upgrade MacPorts
2.4. Uninstall MacPorts
2.5. MacPorts and the Shell
3. Using MacPorts
3.1. The port Command
3.2. Port Variants
3.3. Common Tasks
3.4. Port Binaries
4. Portfile Development
4.1. Portfile Introduction
4.2. Creating a Portfile
4.3. Example Portfiles
4.4. Port Variants
4.5. Patch Files
4.6. Local Portfile Repositories
4.7. Portfile Best Practices
4.8. MacPorts' buildbot
5. Portfile Reference
5.1. Global Keywords
5.2. Global Variables
5.3. Port Phases
5.4. Dependencies
5.5. Variants
5.6. Tcl Extensions & Useful Tcl Commands
5.7. StartupItems
5.8. Livecheck / Distcheck
5.9. PortGroups
6. MacPorts Internals
6.1. File Hierarchy
6.2. Configuration Files
6.3. Port Images
6.4. APIs and Libs
6.5. The MacPorts Registry
6.6. Tests
7. MacPorts Project
7.1. Using Trac for Tickets
7.2. Using Git and GitHub
7.3. Contributing to MacPorts
7.4. Port Update Policies
7.5. Updating Documentation
7.6. MacPorts Membership
7.7. The PortMgr Team
8. MacPorts Guide Glossary

4.3. Example Portfiles

In this section we begin by taking a look at a complete simple Portfile; then we see how to augment default phases by defining pre- and post- phases, how to override default phases, and finally how to eliminate port phases.

4.3.1. A Basic Portfile

# -*- coding: utf-8; mode: tcl; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- vim:fenc=utf-8:ft=tcl:et:sw=4:ts=4:sts=4

PortSystem          1.0

name                rrdtool
version             1.2.23
categories          net
platforms           darwin
license             GPL-2+
maintainers         julesverne
description         Round Robin Database
long_description    RRDtool is a system to store and display time-series data
homepage            https://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/rrdtool/
master_sites        https://oss.oetiker.ch/rrdtool/pub/ \

checksums           rmd160  7bbfce4fecc2a8e1ca081169e70c1a298ab1b75a \
                    sha256  2829fcb7393bac85925090b286b1f9c3cd3fbbf8e7f35796ef4131322509aa53 \
                    size    1061530

depends_lib         path:bin/perl:perl5 \
                    port:tcl \

configure.args      --enable-perl-site-install \

4.3.2. Augment Phases Using pre- / post-

To augment a port's installation phase, and not override it, you may use pre- and post- installation phases as shown in this example.

post-destroot {
    # Install example files not installed by the Makefile
    file mkdir ${destroot}${prefix}/share/doc/${name}/examples
    file copy ${worksrcpath}/examples/ \

4.3.3. Overriding Phases

To override the automatic MacPorts installation phase processing, define your own installation phases as shown in this example.

destroot {
    xinstall -m 755 -d ${destroot}${prefix}/share/doc/${name}
    xinstall -m 755 ${worksrcpath}/README ${destroot}${prefix}/share/doc/${name}

4.3.4. Eliminating Phases

To eliminate a default phase, simply define a phase with no contents as shown.

build {}


Because many software packages do not use configure, a keyword is provided to eliminate the configure phase. Another exception is the destroot phase may not be eliminated. See the chapter Portfile Reference for full information.

4.3.5. Creating a StartupItem

Startupitems may be placed in the global section of a Portfile.

startupitem.create      yes
startupitem.name        nmicmpd
startupitem.executable  "${prefix}/bin/nmicmpd"